Books all Psychology majors should read
Kaitlin Gallagher is a PhD Candidate specializing in Biomechanics at the Department of Kinesiology at the University of Waterloo in Canada, and a permanent author for GradHacker. You can follow her on twitter at @KtlnG.
Over a year ago I wrote a GradHacker piece about books all grad students should read. This year I’m back with some new recommendations:
What the Most Successful People Do Before Breakfast by Laura Vanderkam. This is one of many short books on success and time management that Vanderkam has written. This particular book goes over how to makeover your mornings so that you can take advantage of this time to incorporate things into your day that you love outside of work/school. Many graduate students think they don’t have time to do other things, but as Vanderkam preaches, you always have more time than you think. (Note: I’ve been a nighthawk most of my life. If I can learn to like getting up at 6 a.m., anyone can).
Little Bets: How Breakthrough Ideas Emerge from Small Discoveries by Peter Sims. This book is an essential read for researchers because it changes the way that failure is viewed. I became aware of this book during a keynote address at a conference last year. A “little bet, ” synonymous with a “small victory, ” is when people use experimental, innovative, trial-and-error approaches to gain new knowledge about what they should be doing. Little bets typically result in a lot of failure, but since these steps are very small, a person hasn’t put “all their eggs in one basket.” In the end, you have more information than you did before, and you can make a new “little bet” about where to go next. When you use “little bets” to gain new information instead of one big bet based on what you assume will happen, you can “fail forward” with your research to create better, more guided experiments in the future.
Bird by Bird by Anne Lamott. Lamott’s work has been cited in many of the books on this and my previous list (and not just the writing books). Her advice on writing, and the often-quoted concept of a “shitty first draft”, is helpful to any graduate student struggling to write. She also has chapters on perfectionism, writer’s block, and writing groups, making this a simple and helpful read for grad students.
I am a sucker for academic writing advice, and this book provides some of the best. Dr. Schimel provides advice on how to structure the story of your experiment, how to write effectively for different audiences/purposes (e.g. manuscript versus grants), all the way down to how to write paragraphs and choose words. He also provides many exercises for students to work through, making this a great book for structuring a science writing class. I’m convinced that the most recent paper I submitted came back accepted with very minor revisions not just because the topic of the manuscript was very current and experiment well executed, but also because I communicated it so clearly using Dr. Schimel’s techniques.