Navigation Menu+

About.com.psychology Hierarchy of Needs

What Motivates Behavior?

Family members laughing together at reunion - Cavan Images/Iconica/Getty ImagesCavan Images/Iconica/Getty Images

What motivates behavior? According to humanist psychologist, our actions are motivated in order achieve certain needs. Maslow first introduced his concept of a hierarchy of needs in his 1943 paper "A Theory of Human Motivation" and his subsequent book Motivation and Personality.

This hierarchy suggests that people are motivated to fulfill basic needs before moving on to other, more advanced needs.

While some of the existing school's of thought at the time (such as psychoanalysis and behaviorism) tended to focus on problematic behaviors, Maslow was much more interested in learning more about what makes people happy and the things that they do to achieve that aim.

As a humanist, Maslow believed that people have an inborn desire to be self-actualized, to be all they can be.

In order to achieve this ultimate goals, however, a number of more basic needs must be met first such as the need for food, safety, love, and self-esteem.

From Basic to More Complex Needs

This hierarchy is most often displayed as a pyramid. The lowest levels of the pyramid are made up of the most basic needs, while the more complex needs are located at the top of the pyramid.

Needs at the bottom of the pyramid are basic physical requirements including the need for food, water, sleep, and warmth. Once these lower-level needs have been met, people can move on to the next level of needs, which are for safety and security.

As people progress up the pyramid, needs become increasingly psychological and social.

Like Carl Rogers, Maslow emphasized the importance of self-actualization, which is a process of growing and developing as a person in order to achieve individual potential.

Types of Needs

Maslow believed that these needs are similar to instincts and play a major role in motivating behavior. Physiological, security, social, and esteem needs are deficiency needs (also known as D-needs), meaning that these needs arise due to deprivation. Satisfying these lower-level needs is important in order to avoid unpleasant feelings or consequences.

Maslow termed the highest-level of the pyramid as growth needs (also known as being needs or B-needs). Growth needs do not stem from a lack of something, but rather from a desire to grow as a person.



Related video

Nlp Tips # 2-The hidden benefits of NOT Getting Your Goals
Nlp Tips # 2-The hidden benefits of NOT Getting Your Goals
The NLP Basic Presuppositions
The NLP Basic Presuppositions
The Spirit of NLP Song Contest - "Tulipaner"
The Spirit of NLP Song Contest - "Tulipaner"
Video 5. The NLP Basic Presuppositions
Video 5. The NLP Basic Presuppositions
Presuppositions in Language - Explore NLP Milton Model
Presuppositions in Language - Explore NLP Milton Model ...
NLP Tutorial- NLP Presupposition (part-2) by Ram Verma
NLP Tutorial- NLP Presupposition (part-2) by Ram Verma
Neuro-VISION Reframe Emotional Eating! Lose Weight Hypnosis & NLP (1 CD) Eliminate Subconscious Compulsion To Overeat. Suppress Your Compulsion to Binge Eat Quickly & Easily
Health and Beauty (Neuro-VISION, Inc.)
  • Hypnosis & NLP CD Program For Appetite Suppression & Weight Loss
  • Eliminate Binging, Rapidly Eliminate Compulsive Overeating
  • Lose Weight Quickly & Naturally Without Cravings, Feelings Of Hunger, Or Willpower
  • Interactive NLP 6-Step Reframe Reduces & Eliminates Oral Cravings & Compulsions To Eat and Drink
  • Program Combines NLP (Neuro-Linguistic Programming) with Hypnosis, and NLP
Neuro-VISION Reframe Emotional Eating! Lose Weight Hypnosis & NLP (1 CD) Eliminate Subconscious Compulsion To Overeat. Suppress Your Compulsion to Binge Eat Quickly & Easily
Health and Beauty (Neuro-VISION, Inc.)
  • Hypnosis & NLP CD Program For Appetite Suppression & Weight Loss
  • Eliminate Binging, Rapidly Eliminate Compulsive Overeating
  • Lose Weight Quickly & Naturally Without Cravings, Feelings Of Hunger, Or Willpower
  • Interactive NLP 6-Step Reframe Reduces & Eliminates Oral Cravings & Compulsions To Eat and Drink
  • Program Combines NLP (Neuro-Linguistic Programming) with Hypnosis, and NLP


FAQ

avatar
What is a hierarchy of needs?

Psychologist Abraham Maslow first introduced his concept of a hierarchy of needs in his 1943 paper "A Theory of Human Motivation" and his subsequent book Motivation and Personality. This hierarchy suggests that people are motivated to fulfill basic needs before moving on to other, more advanced needs.According to Maslow, once an individual has met his needs in one category, he is motivated to seek needs in the next higher level.Motivation theory which suggests five interdependent levels of basic human needs (motivators) that must be satisfied in a strict sequence starting with the lowes…



Related facts

  • Work motivation "is a set of energetic forces that originate both within as well as beyond an individual's being, to initiate work-related behavior, and to determine its form, direction, intensity, and duration" Understanding what motivates an organization's...
  • Health behavior change refers to a replacement of health-compromising behaviors (such as sedentary behavior) by health-enhancing behaviors (such as physical exercise). To describe, predict, and explain such processes, theories or models are being developed. Health...

Related Posts